Non-Family Employees: Levels of Job Satisfaction and Organizational Justice in Small and Medium-Sized Family and Non-Family Firms

Keywords: Family business, Job satisfaction, Organizational justice


The purpose of this paper is to explore differences between non-family employees of family firms and employees of non-family firms regarding their levels of job satisfaction. Moreover, focusing on family firms, we assess the impact of non-family employees’ perceptions of organizational justice on their levels of job satisfaction; we also seek to understand which dimensions of job satisfaction are most affected by the employees’ perceptions of organizational justice. The empirical evidence is provided by a sample of 205 Portuguese employees (98 non-family employees of family firms and 107 employees of non-family firms), working in small and medium-sized privately-owned enterprises. The findings reveal that non-family employees of family firms do not differ from employees of non-family firms regarding their levels of job satisfaction. Furthermore, it was found that, in family firms, there is a positive influence of the perceptions of organizational justice on the job satisfaction levels, in particular regarding to the satisfaction with the benefits and with the supervision.


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How to Cite
Pimentel, D. (2019). Non-Family Employees: Levels of Job Satisfaction and Organizational Justice in Small and Medium-Sized Family and Non-Family Firms. European Journal of Family Business, 8(2), 93-102.
Research Paper (SI)