Author guidelines

Submission procedure

Our manuscript submission system will guide you step-by-step through the process of entering your article data and attaching files. Online submission system requires the register as author role. User ID and password can be obtained on the first visit. The system will contain the files that make up the manuscript for the peer review process. The corresponding author will receive information about the review process of the manuscript via email.

Please do not hesitate to contact us (ejfb@uma.es) in case you have any question or any problem when submitting your article. Remember that we will be very pleased to support you.

Publication criteria

Authors are encouraged to submit manuscripts to shed new light on contemporary challenges in the broad domain of family business. They should strike a reasonable balance between theory and practice, providing a concise but clear description of the issue or research question, using a credible and persuasive argumentation based on scholarly foundation as well as an appropriate methodology, concluding with a clear summary with implications and recommendations for the business practice. This should not be at odds with the use of an informative language, avoiding as far as possible the use of jargon and technical terminology.

Types of papers

The following types of contributions will be considered for publication in EJFB:

Peer-reviewed article types:

Original research: These papers are based on empirical findings or descriptions, theoretical arguments, or methodological developments that show an immediate practical relevance for family business owners, managers, consultants, and other stakeholders. Descriptive works that do not offer a relevant contribution to family business research are not considered for publication in EJFB. Final accepted manuscripts typically should have less than 9,000 words (all-inclusive) with a section on practical implications and recommendations. Statistical details and empirical results should be presented in an annex at the end of the document to provide smooth reading of article, thus reinforcing its orientation to business practice.

Review articles: These papers should provide an extensive overview of recent developments on topics that fall within the scope of the journal. They should offer a clear contribution to the domain of family business. Review articles are usually up to 11,000 words. The practical implications and recommendations sections should be well developed.

These papers are based on empirical findings or descriptions, theoretical arguments, or methodological developments that show an immediate practical relevance for family business owners, managers, consultants, and other stakeholders. Descriptive works that do not offer a relevant contribution to family business research are not considered for publication in EJFB. Final accepted manuscripts typically should have less than 9,000 words (all-inclusive) with a section on practical implications and recommendations. Statistical details and empirical results should be presented in an annex at the end of the document to provide smooth reading of article, thus reinforcing its orientation to business practice.

New or Data-driven Insights: EJFB welcomes articles of 6,000-9,000 words in length that provide new ideas or perspectives by building upon existing or new theories to understand contemporary trends related to enterprises in general, and family firms in particular. EJFB also accepts papers that present new empirical works or techniques that are explorative in nature or that show unusual or counterintuitive findings.

Point/Counterpoint debates: Short articles or notes (approximately 4,000 words) written to clarify or respond to the content of an insight article previously published in this journal. The editorial board may accept other formats (e.g. two manuscripts by different authors presenting conflicting views on a specific topic). Papers that seeks a dialogue between theoretical and the empirical evidence will be well received.

Non-peer-reviewed article types (subject to Editorial review):

Commentaries: Readable and compelling opinion based papers addressing issues of broad concern in family firms and business-owning families. Commentaries may be through invitation by the journal Editor or through unsolicited submission. 

Practice papers. Papers describing the experience of addressing the challenges faced by family firms and business-owning families. Practice papers are aimed to understand critical issues that are unique to family firms by applying the knowledge and expertise developed to solve complex family business issues. 

Commentaries and practice papers submitted to EJFB are short articles (4,000 words in lenght) that undergo an Editorial review. It is guaranteed that at least two members of the Editorial team are involved in the assessment of the manuscripts.

We encourage entrepreneurs, business owners and managers, practitioners, consultants, policy makers and other family business stakeholders to present their opinion and experiences using cases and data from which they have learned and that can be useful elsewhere.

Preliminary considerations

Before you submit your article, please read the EJFB editorial policy hosted in Journal information section.

Peer review process

All published research articles in EJFB have undergone a rigorous and transparent double anonymous peer review process, based on initial editor screening, anonymous refereeing by two independent expert reviewers, and consequent revision by article author(s) when required. In addition to offering authors advice and guidance, peer review ensures that the manuscripts published in EJFB are of the correct quality for the journal’s aims.

In peer review process the identity of both the reviewers and author(s) are always concealed from both parties. The manuscript review process is done with the Open Journal System (OJS) software that guarantees automated and auditable electronic registration of all interactions.The content of each peer review is confidential, for use only by EJFB editor and authors.

It is very important that no file contain any information that can identify it with the author(s).

Ethics in publishing

As a peer-reviewed journal, the rigor of scientific publication is expected to be observed throughout the editorial process. It is therefore important to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: authors, the editorial team, reviewers and the publisher. For further information, please read the EJFB Ethics statement. This is based on COPE’s Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors by The Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)

In case of any signs of misconduct or malpractice, EJFB Direction will discuss and will be in contact with the author(s) as soon as possible. 

Originality and lack of prior publication

The manuscript must be original and unpublished. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration unless it was rejected.

EJFB uses anti-plagiarism tools to guarantee the originality of the submissions  through Ithenticate Plagiarism Checking Software.

Authors should ensure that none of the data presented in the manuscript have been plagiarized, fabricated, manipulated or falsified. All original data are distinguished clearly from previously published data. Also that all references have been properly identified and cited and that the sources of all previously published figures, tables, data, etc., have been cited in the manuscript.

Authorship

All authors should have made substantial contributions to all of the following: (1) the conception and design of the study, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data, (2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content, (3) final approval of the version to be submitted. It must be ensured that no person who meets the for scientific authorship has been ommitte from the list of authors.

Minor contributions such as suggestions related to references, data analysis or editing support, among others, do not guarantee authorship credits. These and other contributions to the paper may be recognized separately in  'Acknowledgements'.

Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the editor. To request such a change, the editor must receive the following from the corresponding author: (a) the reason for the change in author list and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed.

Author contribution statement

For transparency, we encourage authors to submit an ‘Author Contribution' statement outlining their individual contributions to the paper using the relevant CRediT roles: Conceptualization; Data curation; Formal analysis; Funding acquisition; Investigation; Methodology; Project administration; Resources; Software; Supervision; Validation; Visualization; Roles/Writing - original draft; Writing - review & editing.

The 'Author Contribution' statement should include the names of all authors and their CRediT role(s). EJFB encourages authors to specify their contributions in this way. If authors have  equal contribution, the statement should say: These authors contributed equally to the work. This information should form part of the ‘Title Page’ file.

This statement will be published within the article if accepted.

Language

EJFB accepts manuscripts for evaluation written in English, Spanish or Portuguese. If the manuscript is submitted in a non-English language, authors commit to translate it to English once it is accepted. Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these).

Use of inclusive language

Inclusive language acknowledges diversity, conveys respect to all people, is sensitive to differences, and promotes equal opportunities. Authors should ensure that writing is free from bias, for instance by using plural nouns as default/wherever possible to avoid using "he, she" or "he/she".

Sex and gender equity in research

We encourage authors to include sex and gender considerations where relevant. Authors should use the terms sex (biological attribute) and gender (shaped by social and cultural circumstances) carefully in order to avoid confusing both terms. 

Where appropriate, data should be presented disaggregated. The potential implications of sew and gender on the study results should also be discussed.  Additionally, authors should report how sex and gender were taken into account in the design of the study, whether sex and/or gender differences may be expected.

Declaration of interest

All authors must ensure there are no potential or perceived conflicts of interest. They must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work.

Declaration of interest statement

Authors should complete a 'Declaration of Interest' statement. This statement should form part of the ‘Title page’ file. If there are no interests to declare, please write: Declarations of interest: none.

Funding information

Authors are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement then this should be stated.

This information will be published within the article if accepted.

Acknowledgments

Authors may recognize those who have supported the authors in the preparation of the manuscript. Acknowledgments should not be included in the manuscript. The acknowledgments will be incorporated into the paper once it is accepted for publication.

Author guidelines for peer-reviewed articles

Preparing the manuscript

Title page file

Please include the following information:

- Title. Concise and informative, written in English and Spanish (only Spanish speakers) with initials capitalized (excluding determiners, prepositions, etc.). Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.

- Author names and affiliations. Please clearly indicate the first name and the surname(s) of each author and check that all names are accurately spelled. In case of using double surnames, use a hyphen between them. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Provide the full postal address, including the country name and the e-mail address of each author. EJFB encourages to provide the ORCID of all authors.

- Corresponding author. Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author. Please include the ORCID number.

- Declaration of interest. EJFB encourages to provide this information. If there are no interests to declare, please write: Declarations of interest: none.

- Author contribution. EJFB encourages to provide this information. If authors have equal contribution, please write: Authors contributed equally to the work.

Anonymous manuscript file

The main document file can be submitted in Microsoft Word (.doc or .docx) and should should be prepared following APA style (6th edition): in A4 size, using double line spacing, a minimum of 1 inch margins, and 12 point readable font.

Manuscript should be divided into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, etc.), 1.2, etc. The abstract is not included in section numbering.

Define abbreviations the first they are mentioned in the Abstract and manuscript.

Mathematical analysis and statistical data should be placed in appendices it is possible in order to provide smooth reading of article, thus reinforcing its orientation to business practice.

The first page of the manuscript  should include:

Title.  A short informative title should be provided.

Abstract.  The first page of the text should begin with the title without the authors' name. A concise and structured abstract is required, writen in English and Spanish (only Spanish speakers) and of not more than 150-200 words. The abstract should summarize the whole paper and not the conclusions alone. It should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. References and non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.

Keywords.  Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 4-6 keywords, using American or British spelling, avoiding general and plural terms, and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of', etc.). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible, since these keywords will be used for indexing purposes. Keywords are not capitalized.

Classification codes.  Please provide at least one JEL code. These classification codes may be accessed at JEL.

Main body of the manuscript

Please organize your paper with the following structure:

  • Introduction. This must state the objectives of the paper and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
  • Theory section. This must explain the theories that support the research, showing that the work is grounded in established ideas, theories and models.
  • Sample description and methods. This must include a description of the research method, procedures, as well as the reason for selecting them.
  • Results. They should be clear and concise. Authors should report, where relevant, whether sex and/or gender differences may be expected.
  • Discussion. This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them.
  • Conclusions. The main conclusions of the work must be presented in a short Conclusions section.
  • Practical implications. Practical implications are based on logic and reasoning. Please try as much as possible to be realistic in your description of what the results of your study might imply.
  • References. Citations will be listed alphabetically at the end of the paper, and be presented in alphabetical order in accordance with the APA style (6th edition).
  • Appendices. They should include mathematical analysis and statistical data, if it possible.

Where Greek letters or other special sorts are used, please ensure they are clear on the manuscript. Mathematical and statistical analyses should be placed in appendices where possible.

Illustrations, tables, figures, etc. must be included in the manuscript, in the correct place and numbered consecutively. The format admitted for all of them is JPG except tables than must be editable text. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Please avoid using vertical rules and only use capital letters in the first word of the titles. All these must be properly referenced and, if any are copyrighted, it is the author’s responsibility to obtain the necessary permissions to use them.

Footnotes are incorporated into the text and numbered consecutively throughout the article.

Before submitting your work, please check that the manuscript is complete, grammatically correct, and without spelling or typographical errors. Final accepted manuscripts typically should have less than 9,000 words including figures, tables, footnotes and references.

Funding

Funding information will be published within the article if it is accepted. Please list funding sources to facilitate compliance to funder’s requirements. If there is no funding entity, please write: Supporting agencies: none.

Acknowledgements

If article is accepted, acknowledgements will be published within the article if it is accepted. 

Reference styles

Books and journal articles should be referred to in the text by the authors name and year of publication, e.g. (Cooper & Martínez-Pereira, 1992) or Cooper and Martínez-Pereira (1992). Where there are multiple citations within the text, they should be ordered chronologically then alphabetically. Where reference is made to more than one work published by the same author in a single year, a suffix, a, b, c, etc., should follow the date, e.g. (Smith 1989b).

Please ensure that all citations in the text are listed in the reference list, and that all entries in the reference list are cited in the text. Citations will be listed alphabetically according to APA style (6th edition). It is mandatory the inclusion of the DOI in URL format when it exits, or the link to the electronic publication.

A full reference list should be included at the end of the paper using the following convention:

Article in journal

Casillas, J.C. & Moreno-Menéndez, A.M. (2017). International business & family business: Potential dialogue between disciplines. European Journal of Family Business, 7(1–2), 25–40.

Book

Kellermanns, F.W. & Hoy, F. (2017). The Routledge companion to family business. Routledge. 

Chapter in book

Pérez-Pérez, M. & Hernández-Linares, R. (2019). Commitment to learning, knowledge, and strategic renewal: do family firms manage them differently? In J. M. Saiz-Alvarez, J. Leitão, & J. M. Palma-Ruiz (Eds.), Entrepreneurship and family business vitality, 177-203, Springer.

Math formulae

Please submit math equations as editable text and not as images. Present simple formulae in line with normal text where possible and use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms, e.g., X/Y. In principle, variables are to be presented in italics. Powers of e are often more conveniently denoted by exp.

Artwork

Please make sure that artwork files are in an acceptable format (TIFF (or JPEG), EPS (or PDF), or MS Office files) and with the correct resolution.

If your electronic artwork is created in a Microsoft Office application (Word, PowerPoint, Excel) then please supply 'as is' in the native document format. Regardless of the application used other than Microsoft Office, when your electronic artwork is finalized, please 'Save as' or convert the images to one of the following formats (note the resolution requirements for line drawings, halftones, and line/halftone combinations given below):

EPS (or PDF): Vector drawings, embed all used fonts.

TIFF (or JPEG): Color or grayscale photographs (halftones), keep to a minimum of 300 dpi.

TIFF (or JPEG): Bitmapped (pure black & white pixels) line drawings, keep to a minimum of 1000 dpi. TIFF (or JPEG): Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (color or grayscale), keep to a minimum of 500 dpi.

Please:

  • Do not supply files that are optimized for screen use (e.g., GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG); these typically have a low number of pixels and limited set of colors.
  • Do not supply files that are too low in resolution.
  • Do not submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.

Figure captions

Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.

It is responsibility of the author(s) to obtain the necessary permissions for the images that are subject to copyright.

Author guidelines for non-peer-reviewed articles

EJFB aims to bridge the gap between scholars and practitioners by publishing works with practical interest for family firms.

Commentaries should take these aims into account. They should be focused, concise, and be accessible to a broad audience. Authors are advised to keep a broad readership in mind and to write their papers for non-academic readers. It is important to avoid jargon.

Practice papers describe the experience of addressing the challenges faced by family firms and business-owning families. We look for an engaging style, a clearly articulated problem, sufficient contextual detail and insight to help addressing similar problems elsewhere, and a worthwhile conclusion.

Format and style

Commentaries and practice papers should have a maximum length of 4,000 words and include a brief abstract and keywords. Exceptions may be evaluatedby contacting the journal Editor.

Papers should have an introduction and a conclusion section, with the main body of the article divided into thematic headings. Authors should not use abbreviations in the headings, nor any of the traditional headings used in research papers (i.e. methods, results/findings, and discussion). References should follow APA style (6th edition) including DOI in URL format.

The first paragraph(s) should provide background to set the context for the general reader. The final paragraph(s) should identify suggestions for further work, emphasizing the broader understanding that is emerging through the paper.

Please organize your paper with the following structure:

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Introduction
  • Thematic sections
  • Conclusions
  • References

Authors should write in an accessible way and avoid technical jargon so that the paper can be understood by a non-academic reader. It is recommendable the use of only essential citations to support the point of the writer(s). Clear writing and an attractive presentation are indispensable.