Fisioterapia y su rol en el alto rendimiento: una revisión sistemática de la literatura


  • José Iván Alfonso Mantilla Universidad del Rosario Colombia


Palabras clave:

rehabilitación, fisioterapia, medicina deportiva, alto rendimiento


El deporte de alto rendimiento, exige que se desarrollen estrategias de recuperación, entrenamiento y rehabilitación que favorezcan la adaptación al entrenamiento físico. En fisioterapia, se usan estrategias para mantener la salud del deportista en su más alto nivel y entre las estrategias más utilizadas se encuentran prevención de lesiones, entrenamiento funcional, recuperación funcional enfocados en objetivos específicos del deportista. Por tal motivo, el objetivo de este artículo es realizar una revisión sistemática de la literatura sobre el rol del fisioterapeuta en el deporte de alto rendimiento


Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.


Cargando métricas ...

Biografía del autor/a

José Iván Alfonso Mantilla, Universidad del Rosario

Fisioterapeuta, Universidad del Rosario, Colombia


Lesmes JD. Evaluación clínico-funcional del movimiento corporal humano: Ed. Médica Panamericana; 2007.

Dolores JCLM. Intervención clínica en deporte de alto rendimiento: una experiencia en fútbol sala. Cuadernos de Psicología del Deporte. 2005;5.

Athanasopoulos S, Kapreli E, Tsakoniti A, Karatsolis K, Diamantopoulos K, Kalampakas K, et al. The 2004 Olympic Games: physiotherapy services in the Olympic Village polyclinic. Br J Sports Med. 2007;41(9):603-9; discussion 9.

Grant ME, Steffen K, Glasgow P, Phillips N, Booth L, Galligan M. The role of sports physiotherapy at the London 2012 Olympic Games. Br J Sports Med. 2014;48(1):63-70.

Phillips N. Measuring physiotherapy intervention in high performance sport. Phys Ther Sport. 2014;15(1):1-2.

Zainuddin Z, Newton M, Sacco P, Nosaka K. Effects of massage on delayed-onset muscle soreness, swelling, and recovery of muscle function. J Athl Train. 2005;40(3):174-80.

Peake JM, Roberts LA, Figueiredo VC, Egner I, Krog S, Aas SN, et al. The effects of cold water immersion and active recovery on inflammation and cell stress responses in human skeletal muscle after resistance exercise. J Physiol. 2016.

Cervera FJA, Rotger MAN. El fisioterapeuta en la prevención de lesiones del deporte. Revista de fisioterapia. 2006;5(2):31-6.

LaStayo PC, Woolf JM, Lewek MD, Snyder-Mackler L, Reich T, Lindstedt SL. Eccentric muscle contractions: their contribution to injury, prevention, rehabilitation, and sport. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2003;33(10):557-71.

Middleton P, Montero C. [Eccentric muscular contraction: implications in treatment of athletes]. Ann Readapt Med Phys. 2004;47(6):282-9.

Setuain I, Izquierdo M, Idoate F, Bikandi E, Gorostiaga EM, Aagaard P, et al. Differential Effects of Two Rehabilitation Programs Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. J Sport Rehabil. 2016:1-37.

Henke T, Luig P, Schulz D. [Sports injuries in German club sports, Aspects of epidemiology and prevention]. Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz. 2014;57(6):628-37.

Beynnon BD, Vacek PM, Murphy D, Alosa D, Paller D. First-time inversion ankle ligament trauma: the effects of sex, level of competition, and sport on the incidence of injury. Am J Sports Med. 2005;33(10):1485-91.

Reckling C, Zantop T, Petersen W. [Epidemiology of injuries in juvenile handball players]. Sportverletz Sportschaden. 2003;17(3):112-7.

Junge A, Dvorak J. Soccer injuries: a review on incidence and prevention. Sports Med. 2004;34(13):929-38.

Peterson L, Junge A, Chomiak J, Graf-Baumann T, Dvorak J. Incidence of football injuries and complaints in different age groups and skill-level groups. Am J Sports Med. 2000;28(5 Suppl):S51-7.

Bromley SJ, Drew MK, Talpey S, McIntosh AS, Finch CF. A systematic review of prospective epidemiological research into injury and illness in Olympic combat sport. Br J Sports Med. 2017.

Indriethadottir MH, Sveinsson T, Magnusson K, Arngrimsson SA, Johannsson E. [Prevalence of sport injuries, sport participation and drop out due to injury in young adults]. Laeknabladid. 2015;101(10):451-6.

Faude O, Rossler R, Junge A. Football injuries in children and adolescent players: are there clues for prevention? Sports Med. 2013;43(9):819-37.

Barengo NC, Meneses-Echavez JF, Ramirez-Velez R, Cohen DD, Tovar G, Bautista JE. The impact of the FIFA 11+ training program on injury prevention in football players: a systematic review. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2014;11(11):11986-2000.

Silvers-Granelli HJ, Bizzini M, Arundale A, Mandelbaum BR, Snyder-Mackler L. Does the FIFA 11+ Injury Prevention Program Reduce the Incidence of ACL Injury in Male Soccer Players? Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2017.

Bizzini M, Dvorak J. FIFA 11+: an effective programme to prevent football injuries in various player groups worldwide-a narrative review. Br J Sports Med. 2015;49(9):577-9.

Bizzini M, Junge A, Dvorak J. Implementation of the FIFA 11+ football warm up program: how to approach and convince the Football associations to invest in prevention. Br J Sports Med. 2013;47(12):803-6.

Russell M, Birch J, Love T, Cook CJ, Bracken RM, Taylor T, et al. The Effects of a Single Whole-Body Cryotherapy Exposure on Physiological, Performance, and Perceptual Responses of Professional Academy Soccer Players After Repeated Sprint Exercise. J Strength Cond Res. 2017;31(2):415-21.

Rowsell GJ, Coutts AJ, Reaburn P, Hill-Haas S. Effects of cold-water immersion on physical performance between successive matches in high-performance junior male soccer players. J Sports Sci. 2009;27(6):565-73.

Vanderthommen M, Makrof S, Demoulin C. Comparison of active and electrostimulated recovery strategies after fatiguing exercise. J Sports Sci Med. 2010;9(2):164-9.

Finberg M, Braham R, Goodman C, Gregory P, Peeling P. Effects of electrostimulation therapy on recovery from acute team-sport activity. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2013;8(3):293-9.

Carr JH, Shepherd RB. Neurological Rehabilitation: Optimizing Motor Performance: Churchill Livingstone; 2010.

Steffen K, Emery CA, Romiti M, Kang J, Bizzini M, Dvorak J, et al. High adherence to a neuromuscular injury prevention programme (FIFA 11+) improves functional balance and reduces injury risk in Canadian youth female football players: a cluster randomised trial. Br J Sports Med. 2013;47(12):794-802.

Longo UG, Loppini M, Berton A, Marinozzi A, Maffulli N, Denaro V. The FIFA 11+ program is effective in preventing injuries in elite male basketball players: a cluster randomized controlled trial. Am J Sports Med. 2012;40(5):996-1005.

Ejnisman B, Barbosa G, Andreoli CV, de Castro Pochini A, Lobo T, Zogaib R, et al. Shoulder injuries in soccer goalkeepers: review and development of a FIFA 11+ shoulder injury prevention program. Open Access J Sports Med. 2016;7:75-80.

Al Attar WS, Soomro N, Pappas E, Sinclair PJ, Sanders RH. How Effective are F-MARC Injury Prevention Programs for Soccer Players? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Sports Med. 2016;46(2):205-17.

Meurer MC, Silva MF, Baroni BM. Strategies for injury prevention in Brazilian football: Perceptions of physiotherapists and practices of premier league teams. Phys Ther Sport. 2017;28:1-8.

Kovacs MS, Baker LB. Recovery interventions and strategies for improved tennis performance. Br J Sports Med. 2014;48 Suppl 1:i18-21.

Crystal NJ, Townson DH, Cook SB, LaRoche DP. Effect of cryotherapy on muscle recovery and inflammation following a bout of damaging exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2013;113(10):2577-86.

Hohenauer E, Taeymans J, Baeyens JP, Clarys P, Clijsen R. The Effect of Post-Exercise Cryotherapy on Recovery Characteristics: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. PLoS One. 2015;10(9):e0139028.

Fonda B, Sarabon N. Effects of whole-body cryotherapy on recovery after hamstring damaging exercise: a crossover study. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2013;23(5):e270-8.

Ferreira-Junior JB, Bottaro M, Vieira CA, Soares SR, Vieira A, Cleto VA, et al. Effects of partial-body cryotherapy (- 110 degrees C) on muscle recovery between high-intensity exercise bouts. Int J Sports Med. 2014;35(14):1155-60.

Kruger M, de Marees M, Dittmar KH, Sperlich B, Mester J. Whole-body cryotherapy's enhancement of acute recovery of running performance in well-trained athletes. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2015;10(5):605-12.

Poppendieck W, Faude O, Wegmann M, Meyer T. Cooling and performance recovery of trained athletes: a meta-analytical review. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2013;8(3):227-42.

Costello JT, Baker PR, Minett GM, Bieuzen F, Stewart IB, Bleakley C. Whole-body cryotherapy (extreme cold air exposure) for preventing and treating muscle soreness after exercise in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015(9):Cd010789.

Bleakley C, McDonough S, Gardner E, Baxter GD, Hopkins JT, Davison GW. Cold-water immersion (cryotherapy) for preventing and treating muscle soreness after exercise. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012(2):Cd008262.

Malanga GA, Yan N, Stark J. Mechanisms and efficacy of heat and cold therapies for musculoskeletal injury. Postgrad Med. 2015;127(1):57-65.

Petrofsky JS, Khowailed IA, Lee H, Berk L, Bains GS, Akerkar S, et al. Cold Vs. Heat After Exercise-Is There a Clear Winner for Muscle Soreness. J Strength Cond Res. 2015;29(11):3245-52.

Beaven CM, Cook C, Gray D, Downes P, Murphy I, Drawer S, et al. Electrostimulation's enhancement of recovery during a rugby preseason. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2013;8(1):92-8.

Erten YT, Sahinkaya T, Dinc E, Kilinc BE, Bayraktar B, Kurtoglu M. The effects of compression garments and electrostimulation on athletes' muscle soreness and recovery. J Exerc Rehabil. 2016;12(4):308-13.

Grunovas A, Silinskas V, Poderys J, Trinkunas E. Peripheral and systemic circulation after local dynamic exercise and recovery using passive foot movement and electrostimulation. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2007;47(3):335-43.

Taylor T, West DJ, Howatson G, Jones C, Bracken RM, Love TD, et al. The impact of neuromuscular electrical stimulation on recovery after intensive, muscle damaging, maximal speed training in professional team sports players. J Sci Med Sport. 2015;18(3):328-32.

Armstrong SA, Till ES, Maloney SR, Harris GA. Compression socks and functional recovery following marathon running: a randomized controlled trial. J Strength Cond Res. 2015;29(2):528-33.

Hill J, Howatson G, van Someren K, Leeder J, Pedlar C. Compression garments and recovery from exercise-induced muscle damage: a meta-analysis. Br J Sports Med. 2014;48(18):1340-6.

Armstrong SA, Till ES, Maloney S, Harris G. Compression socks and functional recovery following marathon running: a randomised controlled trial. J Strength Cond Res. 2014.

Hill JA, Howatson G, van Someren KA, Walshe I, Pedlar CR. Influence of compression garments on recovery after marathon running. J Strength Cond Res. 2014;28(8):2228-35.

Overmayer RG, Driller MW. Pneumatic Compression Fails to Improve Performance Recovery in Trained Cyclists. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2017:1-21.

Martin JS, Friedenreich ZD, Borges AR, Roberts MD. Acute Effects of Peristaltic Pneumatic Compression on Repeated Anaerobic Exercise Performance and Blood Lactate Clearance. J Strength Cond Res. 2015;29(10):2900-6.

Cochrane DJ, Booker HR, Mundel T, Barnes MJ. Does intermittent pneumatic leg compression enhance muscle recovery after strenuous eccentric exercise? Int J Sports Med. 2013;34(11):969-74.

Cheatham SW, Kolber MJ, Cain M, Lee M. The effects of self-myofascial release using a foam roll or roller massager on joint range of motion, muscle recovery, and performance: a systematic review. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2015;10(6):827-38.

Schroeder AN, Best TM. Is self myofascial release an effective preexercise and recovery strategy? A literature review. Current sports medicine reports. 2015;14(3):200-8.

Pearcey GE, Bradbury-Squires DJ, Kawamoto J-E, Drinkwater EJ, Behm DG, Button DC. Foam rolling for delayed-onset muscle soreness and recovery of dynamic performance measures. Journal of athletic training. 2015;50(1):5-13.

Arroyo-Morales M, Olea N, Martínez MM, Hidalgo-Lozano A, Ruiz-Rodríguez C, Díaz-Rodríguez L. Psychophysiological effects of massage-myofascial release after exercise: a randomized sham-control study. The journal of alternative and complementary medicine. 2008;14(10):1223-9.

Healey KC, Hatfield DL, Blanpied P, Dorfman LR, Riebe D. The effects of myofascial release with foam rolling on performance. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2014;28(1):61-8.

Best TM, Hunter R, Wilcox A, Haq F. Effectiveness of sports massage for recovery of skeletal muscle from strenuous exercise. Clin J Sport Med. 2008;18(5):446-60.

Delextrat A, Calleja-Gonzalez J, Hippocrate A, Clarke ND. Effects of sports massage and intermittent cold-water immersion on recovery from matches by basketball players. J Sports Sci. 2013;31(1):11-9.

Poppendieck W, Wegmann M, Ferrauti A, Kellmann M, Pfeiffer M, Meyer T. Massage and Performance Recovery: A Meta-Analytical Review. Sports Med. 2016;46(2):183-204.

Paoli A, Bianco A, Battaglia G, Bellafiore M, Grainer A, Marcolin G, et al. Sports massage with ozonised oil or non-ozonised oil: Comparative effects on recovery parameters after maximal effort in cyclists. Phys Ther Sport. 2013;14(4):240-5.

Ali Rasooli S, Koushkie Jahromi M, Asadmanesh A, Salesi M. Influence of massage, active and passive recovery on swimming performance and blood lactate. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2012;52(2):122-7.

Moraska A. Sports massage. A comprehensive review. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2005;45(3):370-80.

Fuller JT, Thomson RL, Howe PR, Buckley JD. Vibration Therapy Is No More Effective Than the Standard Practice of Massage and Stretching for Promoting Recovery From Muscle Damage After Eccentric Exercise. Clin J Sport Med. 2015;25(4):332-7.

Torres R, Pinho F, Duarte JA, Cabri JM. Effect of single bout versus repeated bouts of stretching on muscle recovery following eccentric exercise. J Sci Med Sport. 2013;16(6):583-8.

Chen CH, Chen TC, Jan MH, Lin JJ. Acute effects of static active or dynamic active stretching on eccentric-exercise-induced hamstring muscle damage. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2015;10(3):346-52.

Torres R, Ribeiro F, Alberto Duarte J, Cabri JM. Evidence of the physiotherapeutic interventions used currently after exercise-induced muscle damage: systematic review and meta-analysis. Phys Ther Sport. 2012;13(2):101-14.

Guzel Y, Karalezli N, Bilge O, Kacira BK, Esen H, Karadag H, et al. The biomechanical and histological effects of platelet-rich plasma on fracture healing. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2015;23(5):1378-83.

Grambart ST. Sports medicine and platelet-rich plasma: nonsurgical therapy. Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 2015;32(1):99-107.

Sanchez M, Delgado D, Sanchez P, Fiz N, Azofra J, Orive G, et al. Platelet rich plasma and knee surgery. Biomed Res Int. 2014;2014:890630.

Pourcho AM, Smith J, Wisniewski SJ, Sellon JL. Intraarticular platelet-rich plasma injection in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis: review and recommendations. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2014;93(11 Suppl 3):S108-21.

MS AH, Mohamed Ali MR, Yusof A, George J, Lee LP. Platelet-rich plasma injections for the treatment of hamstring injuries: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Sports Med. 2014;42(10):2410-8.

Arnoczky SP, Sheibani-Rad S. The basic science of platelet-rich plasma (PRP): what clinicians need to know. Sports Med Arthrosc. 2013;21(4):180-5.

Kon E, Filardo G, Di Martino A, Marcacci M. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) to treat sports injuries: evidence to support its use. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2011;19(4):516-27.

Zoorob R, Parrish ME, O'Hara H, Kalliny M. Sports nutrition needs: before, during, and after exercise. Prim Care. 2013;40(2):475-86.

Kalman DS, Feldman S, Krieger DR, Bloomer RJ. Comparison of coconut water and a carbohydrate-electrolyte sport drink on measures of hydration and physical performance in exercise-trained men. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2012;9(1):1.

Rehrer NJ. Fluid and electrolyte balance in ultra-endurance sport. Sports Med. 2001;31(10):701-15.

Kenefick RW, Cheuvront SN. Hydration for recreational sport and physical activity. Nutr Rev. 2012;70 Suppl 2:S137-42.

Shirreffs SM, Sawka MN. Fluid and electrolyte needs for training, competition, and recovery. J Sports Sci. 2011;29 Suppl 1:S39-46.

Mantilla JIA, Santa JM. Circuitos funcionales en rehabilitación. Movimiento Científico. 2015;9(2):61-9.

Dreinhofer KE, Schuler S, Schafer M, Ohly T. [Rehabilitation concepts and return to sport after interventions on the shoulder]. Orthopade. 2014;43(3):256-64.

Fournier M. Principles of rehabilitation and return to sports following injury. Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 2015;32(2):261-8.

Yabroudi MA, Irrgang JJ. Rehabilitation and return to play after anatomic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Clin Sports Med. 2013;32(1):165-75.

Liem BC, Truswell HJ, Harrast MA. Rehabilitation and return to running after lower limb stress fractures. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2013;12(3):200-7.

Mithoefer K, Hambly K, Logerstedt D, Ricci M, Silvers H, Della Villa S. Current concepts for rehabilitation and return to sport after knee articular cartilage repair in the athlete. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2012;42(3):254-73.

Myer GD, Paterno MV, Ford KR, Quatman CE, Hewett TE. Rehabilitation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: criteria-based progression through the return-to-sport phase. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2006;36(6):385-402.

Nedelec M, McCall A, Carling C, Legall F, Berthoin S, Dupont G. Recovery in soccer: part I - post-match fatigue and time course of recovery. Sports Med. 2012;42(12):997-1015.

Nedelec M, McCall A, Carling C, Legall F, Berthoin S, Dupont G. Recovery in soccer : part ii-recovery strategies. Sports Med. 2013;43(1):9-22.




Cómo citar

Alfonso Mantilla, J. I. (2018). Fisioterapia y su rol en el alto rendimiento: una revisión sistemática de la literatura. Revista Iberoamericana De Ciencias De La Actividad Física Y El Deporte, 7(1), 1–12.




Artículos más leídos del mismo autor/a