The Value Relevance of Accounting Performance Measures for Quoted Family Firms: A Study in the Light of the Alignment and Entrenchment Hypotheses

Keywords: Family firms, Accounting earnings, Value relevance, Agency theory, Alignment hypothesis, Entrenchment hypothesis


The present research examines the value relevance of accounting earnings data disclosed by a sample of French family and non-family firms. The major goal of this paper is to find if the value relevance of accounting earnings for investors depends on the nature of the firm. In addition, it intends to check if accounting earnings relevance varies in function of the concentration of ownership in the hands of families.

The research is based on a longitudinal data set (2009 – 2012) obtained from a sample of 349 firms quoted on the Paris stock market and composing the CAC-All tradable index. Relying on the association studies’ methodology, the main hypotheses are supported as the results show that family firms exhibit more value relevant earnings than non-family firms. This finding could be justified by an alignment effect that may be especially evidenced in the case of moderate family ownership. Conversely, less value relevant earnings are exhibited by highly controlled family firms thus showing evidence for a probable entrenchment by the owning-families.

Author Biography

Sami Basly, University of Paris Nanterre, France

Associate Professor


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How to Cite
Basly, S., & Saadi, T. (2020). The Value Relevance of Accounting Performance Measures for Quoted Family Firms: A Study in the Light of the Alignment and Entrenchment Hypotheses. European Journal of Family Business, 10(2), 6-23.
Research Paper