Ejercicio físico durante la pandemia: una revisión sistemática utilizando la herramienta PRISMA




Palabras clave:

covid-19, pandemia, actividad física, ejercicio físico


El propósito fue revisar el impacto que tuvo la realización de ejercicio físico durante la pandemia por covid-19. Se realizó una búsqueda en las bases de datos ScienceDirect, Scopus, PubMed, Taylor and Francis y Oxford, durante el mes de abril de 2021 combinando los términos MeSH: “Covid-19”, “exercise” y DeCS: “pandemic”, “exercise”; utilizando las directrices de la declaración PRISMA. Fueron encontrados 16.385 artículos; luego de realizar filtros de acuerdo con el título y los objetivos se incluyeron en esta investigación un total de 160 artículos los cuales se registraron en una hoja de cálculo en drive; a los mismos se les aplicaron los ítems incluidos en el check list de la metodología PRISMA dando como resultado 32 artículos a ser considerados en la presente investigación. Como resultado se obtiene que tres son revisiones sistemáticas, siete notas científicas, veintidós cuantitativas de las cuales once son descriptivas correlacionales, diez son experimentales.


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Antilao, L. (2020). Actividad física y brote de Coronavirus ¿Qué medidas se adoptarán para el adulto mayor en Chile?. Revista médica de Chile, 148(2), 271-272

Qin, F., Song, Y., Nassis, G.P., Zhao, L., Cui, S., Lai, L., Wu, Z., Xu, M., Qu, C., Dong, Y., (2020). Prevalence of Insufficient Physical Activity, Sedentary Screen Time and Emotional Well-Being During the Early Days of the 2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Outbreak in China: A National Cross-Sectional Study.

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De Sousa, R. A. L., Improta-Caria, A. C., Aras-Júnior, R., de Oliveira, E. M., Soci, Ú. P. R., & Cassilhas, R. C. (2021). Physical exercise effects on the brain during COVID-19 pandemic: links between mental and cardiovascular health. Neurological Sciences, 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10072-021-05082-9

Alawna, M., Amro, M., & Mohamed, A. A. (2021). Aerobic exercises recommendations and specifications for patients with COVID-19: A systematic review. European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences. Verduci Editore s.r.l. https://doi.org/10.26355/eurrev_202012_24211

Bentlage, E., Ammar, A., How, D., Ahmed, M., Trabelsi, K., Chtourou, H., & Brach, M. (2020, September 1). Practical recommendations for maintaining active lifestyle during the covid-19 pandemic: A systematic literature review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. MDPI AG. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176265

Chaabene, H., Prieske, O., Herz, M., Moran, J., Höhne, J., Kliegl, R., … Granacher, U. (2021, May 1). Home-based exercise programmes improve physical fitness of healthy older adults: A PRISMA-compliant systematic review and meta-analysis with relevance for COVID-19. Ageing Research Reviews. Elsevier Ireland Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arr.2021.101265

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Bohn, L., Barros, D., Borges-Machado, F., Carrapatoso, S., Pizarro, A. N., & Carvalho, J. (2021). Active Older Adults Keep Aerobic Capacity and Experience Small Reductions in Body Strength During Confinement Due to COVID-19 Outbreak, Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, , 1-8. Retrieved Jun 11, 2021, from http://journals.humankinetics.com/view/journals/japa/aop/article-10.1123-japa.2020-0395/article-10.1123-japa.2020-0395.xml

Brazo-Sayavera, J., López-Torres, O., Martos-Bermúdez, Á., Rodriguez-Garcia, L., González-Gross, M., & Guadalupe-Grau, A. (2021). Effects of Power Training on Physical Activity, Sitting Time, Disability, and Quality of Life in Older Patients With Type 2 Diabetes During the COVID-19 Confinement, Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 18(6), 660-668. Retrieved Jun 11, 2021, from http://journals.humankinetics.com/view/journals/jpah/18/6/article-p660.xml

Cataldi, S., Francavilla, V. C., Bonavolontà, V., De Florio, O., Carvutto, R., De Candia, M., ... & Fischetti, F. (2021). Proposal for a Fitness Program in the School Setting during the COVID 19 Pandemic: Effects of an 8-Week CrossFit Program on Psychophysical Well-Being in Healthy Adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(6), 3141. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18063141

Gao, C., Zhao, Z., Li, F., Liu, J. L., Xu, H., Zeng, Y., Guo, Q. (2020). The impact of individual lifestyle and status on the acquisition of COVID-19: A case-Control study. PLoS ONE, 15(11 November). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0241540

McCarthy, H., Potts, H. W. W., & Fisher, A. (2021). Physical activity behavior before, during, and after COVID-19 restrictions: Longitudinal smartphone-tracking study of adults in the United Kingdom. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 23(2). https://doi.org/10.2196/23701

McGrath, A., Murphy, N., & Richardson, N. (2020). The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the wellbeing of Irish Men’s Shed members. Health Promotion International. https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/daaa113

Shaw, K., Butcher, S., Ko, J., Zello, G. A., & Chilibeck, P. D. (2020). Wearing of cloth or disposable surgical face masks has no effect on vigorous exercise performance in healthy individuals. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(21), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218110

Berengüí, R., López-Gullón, J. M., & Angosto, S. (2021). Physical sports activities and exercise addiction during lockdown in the Spanish population. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(6), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18063119

Cheval, B., Sivaramakrishnan, H., Maltagliati, S., Fessler, L., Forestier, C., Sarrazin, P., … Boisgontier, M. P. (2021). Relationships between changes in self-reported physical activity, sedentary behaviour and health during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic in France and Switzerland. Journal of Sports Sciences, 39(6), 699–704. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2020.1841396

Da Silveira, M. P., da Silva Fagundes, K. K., Bizuti, M. R., Starck, É., Rossi, R. C., & de Resende e Silva, D. T. (2021, February 1). Physical exercise as a tool to help the immune system against COVID-19: an integrative review of the current literature. Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10238-020-00650-3

Epstein, D., Korytny, A., Isenberg, Y., Marcusohn, E., Zukermann, R., Bishop, B., … Miller, A. (2020). Return to training in the COVID-19 era: The physiological effects of face masks during exercise. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13832

Fernández-Lázaro, D., González-Bernal, J. J., Sánchez-Serrano, N., Navascués, L. J., Del Río, A. A., & Mielgo-Ayuso, J. (2020, November 2). Physical exercise as a multimodal tool for COVID-19: Could it be used as a preventive strategy? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. MDPI AG. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228496

Franco, E., Urosa, J., Barakat, R., & Refoyo, I. (2021). Physical activity and adherence to the mediterranean diet among spanish employees in a health-promotion program before and during the covid-19 pandemic: The sanitas-healthy cities challenge. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(5), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052735

Jiménez-Pavón, D., Carbonell-Baeza, A., & Lavie, C. J. (2020, May 1). Physical exercise as therapy to fight against the mental and physical consequences of COVID-19 quarantine: Special focus in older people. Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases. W.B. Saunders. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pcad.2020.03.009

Kirwan, R., McCullough, D., Butler, T., Perez de Heredia, F., Davies, I. G., & Stewart, C. (2020). Sarcopenia during COVID-19 lockdown restrictions: long-term health effects of short-term muscle loss. GeroScience, 42(6), 1547–1578. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11357-020-00272-3

Lakicevic, N., Moro, T., Paoli, A., Roklicer, R., Trivic, T., Cassar, S., & Drid, P. (2020, July 1). Stay fit, don’t quit: Geriatric Exercise Prescription in COVID-19 Pandemic. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40520-020-01588-y

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Cómo citar

Posada López , Z., & Vasquez Lopez, C. (2022). Ejercicio físico durante la pandemia: una revisión sistemática utilizando la herramienta PRISMA. Revista Iberoamericana De Ciencias De La Actividad Física Y El Deporte, 11(1), 1–19. https://doi.org/10.24310/riccafd.2022.v11i1.13721




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