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Lagunes-Carrasco, JO
Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León. Facultad de Organización Deportiva
México
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3842-535X
López-García, R
Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León
México
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4001-0508
Carranza-García, LE
Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León. Facultad de Organización Deportiva
México
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8876-2434
Navarro-Orocio, R
Docente e investigador de la Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León. Facultad de Organización Deportiva
México
Ramírez-López, E
Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León. Facultad de Salud Pública y Nutrición
México
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5311-3418
Vol. 11 Núm. 1 (2022): Marzo, Artículos, Páginas 33-48
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24310/riccafd.2022.v11i1.13139
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Resumen

El objetivo de este estudio fue describir el perfil antropométrico y somatotipo de jugadores de fútbol americano universitarios mexicanos, y examinarlo acorde a la posición de juego. Participaron 90 jugadores, clasificándolos en posición de linieros (n=28), jugadores de gran habilidad (n=15) y jugadores de habilidad (n=47). Se les realizaron mediciones antropométricas de básicas, pliegues cutáneos, perímetros y diámetros óseos, para obtener el peso corporal, índice de masa corporal (IMC), composición corporal (masa grasa, magra y musculo), además del somatotipo (endomorfía, mesomorfía y ectomorfía). Los linieros arrojaron un mayor peso corporal, IMC y composición corporal que las demás posiciones (p ≤ .05). En el somatotipo, las tres posiciones presentaron un biotipo de meso-endomorfico, logrando una moderada adiposidad y un alto desarrollo músculo-esquelética. A pesar de obtener una musculatura bastante elevada, no cumplen con la referencia de nivel profesional y universitario, además, mostraron tener problemas de sobrepeso y obesidad.

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