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Castro-Zamora, AA
Universidad Estatal de Sonora
México
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4938-3597
Borbón-Castro, NA
Universidad Estatal de Sonora
México
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3464-0201
Biografía
Duarte-Félix, H
Universidad Estatal de Sonora
México
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1960-1995
Biografía
De La Cruz-Ortega
Universidad Estatal de Sonora
México
Biografía
Vol. 11 Núm. 1 (2022): Marzo, Artículos, Páginas 63-80
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24310/riccafd.2022.v11i1.13964
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Resumen

Antecedentes:  el propósito del presente estudio fue comparar la ingesta nutrimental, masa grasa y VO2máx entre boxeadores amateur y profesionales al inicio de temporada, así como el requerimiento y consumo nutrimental intra e inter grupos y el porcentaje de adecuación nutrimental intergrupo. Métodos: se realizó un estudio de cohorte transversal y no experimental con 41 boxeadores del sexo masculino (26 profesionales y 15 amateurs; M=20.29±3.29 años).  La muestra fue seleccionada por conveniencia y se estratificó por maestría deportiva. Se aplicaron pruebas t de Student para comparar las variables inter e intra grupos y significancia de p≤0.05. Resultados: se observó mayor necesidad energética en boxeadores profesionales, aunque deficiente en ambos grupos respecto a la ingesta calórica diaria (p<0.05) principalmente por el consumo de carbohidratos (5.68±1.72gr/kg/peso corporal; amateurs y 5.63±2.1872gr/kg/peso corporal; profesionales). Ambos grupos presentaron desequilibrio en la ingesta de micronutrimentos, principalmente en hierro, sodio, zinc, ácido ascórbico, tocoferol y retinol. Conclusiones: existió deficiente ingesta calórica diaria en ambos grupos de boxeadores con desequilibrio de micronutrimentos intra e intergrupo los cuales pudieran afectar negativamente el rendimiento físico de los boxeadores en alguna etapa de entrenamiento.

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