The Question of Human Suffering in Nietzsche


  • Yunus Tuncel New York University Estados Unidos


Palabras clave:

suffering, pain, tragic suffering, pity, compassion, transfiguration


Suffering and how one relates to one's own and others' sufferings are important themes in Nietzsche's works from the first to the last, as I examined in my recent monograph, Human Emotions in Nietzsche (Basel: Schwabe, 2021). In this article, I will build on what I wrote on this subject in this book and elsewhere, as I examine five paradigms for dealing with suffering, which I name: aesthetic, critical/historic, emotional, power, and transfiguration. Although these paradigms and the ideas that support them are present in Nietzsche's works and many Nietzsche readers may be aware of them, their organization in this form has appeared to me during the pandemic. I do not claim that these paradigms form a complete picture, but I believe they are sufficient to give us a broad picture of Nietzsche's teachings on suffering.


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Foucault, Michel, Discipline & punish, trans. by Alan Sheridan, New York, Vintage Books, 1995.

Freud, Sigmund, Civilization and its discontents, trans. by J. Strachey, New York, W. W. Norton, 1961.

Hollingdale, Nietzsche: the man and his philosophy, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1965.

Kafka, Franz, The Trial, trans. by David Wyllie, Mineola, New York, Dover, 2009.

Nietzsche, Friedrich, Beyond Good and Evil, trans. by W. Kaufmann, New York, Vintage Books, 1966.

---Trans. by R.J. Hollingdale, Daybreak, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

---Trans. by W. Kaufmann and R. J. Hollingdale, On the genealogy of morals, trans. by W. Kaufmann, Ecce homo, New York, Random House/Vintage Books, 1989.

---"Homer's Contest" in The portable Nietzsche. Ed. and trans. by by Walter Kaufmann. New York: Penguin, 1982.

--- Trans. by R. J. Hollingdale, Human, all too human, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

--- Trans. by W. Kaufmann, The birth of tragedy, New York, Vintage Books, 1967.

--- Trans. by W. Kaufmann, The gay science, New York, Vintage Books, 1974.

--- Trans. by G. Parkes, Thus spoke Zarathustra., Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2005.

--- Twilight of the Idols, in The Portable Nietzsche, New York: Viking Penguin, 1982.

---Untimely meditations II: the use and disadvantage of history for life, trans. by R. J. Hollingdale, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Tuncel, Yunus, Nietzsche on human emotions, Basel, Schwabe, 2021.

---Agon in Nietzsche, Milwaukee, Marquette University Press, 2013.




Cómo citar

Tuncel, Y. (2022). The Question of Human Suffering in Nietzsche. Estudios Nietzsche, (22), 157–172.