Clase social, bienestar y afectividad general durante la pandemia de la COVID-19 en Iberoamérica

  • Ginés Navarro-Carrillo Universidad de Jaén, España
  • Lander Méndez Universidad del País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea, España
  • Huseyin Cakal Keele University, United Kingdom
  • Darío Páez Universidad del País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea, España
  • José J. Pizarro Universidad del País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea, España
  • Larraitz Zumeta Universidad del País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea, España
  • Marcela Gracia-Leiva Universidad del País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea, España
  • Silvia da Costa Universidad del País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea, España
  • Nekane Basabe Universidad del País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea, España
  • Saioa Telletxea Universidad del País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea, España
  • Gisela Delfino Pontificia Universidad Católica Argentina, Argentina
  • Elza Techio Universidad Federal de Bahía, Brasil
  • Anderson Mathias Universidad del País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea, España
  • Carolina Alzugaray-Ponce Universidad Santo Tomás, Chile
  • Loreto Villagrán Universidad de Concepción, Chile
  • Gonzalo Martínez-Zelaya Universidad Viña del Mar, Chile
  • María Ángeles Bilbao Universidad Alberto Hurtado, Chile
  • Anna Wlodarczyk Universidad Católica del Norte, Chile
  • Wilson López-López Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia
  • Laura Alfaro-Beracoechea Universidad de Guadalajara, México
  • Manuel L. Ibarra Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, México
  • Catarina Carvalho Universidad de Oporto, Portugal
  • Isabel R. Pinto Universidad de Oporto, Portugal
  • Emilio Moyano-Díaz Universidad de Talca, Chile
  • Agustín Espinosa Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Perú
  • Rosa M. Cueto Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Perú
Palabras clave: COVID-19; clase social subjetiva; bienestar, afectividad; riesgo percibido; eficacia colectiva

Resumen

La actual pandemia de la COVID-19 ha supuesto un marcado incremento de las brechas sociales preexistentes. En esta investigación analizamos las relaciones de diferentes facetas de clase social con el bienestar y afectividad general a lo largo de un total de 8 países de la región cultural iberoamericana. Asimismo, también pusimos a prueba el potencial rol mediador del riesgo percibido relativo a la COVID-19 y de la eficacia colectiva percibida. Los resultados obtenidos (a) revelaron que una clase social más baja se relacionó con un menor bienestar y afecto positivo, así como con un mayor afecto negativo; (b) confirmaron que la clase social subjetiva constituye un mejor predictor del bienestar y afectividad general que el nivel educativo (i.e., indicador de clase social objetiva); y (c) mostraron que los efectos de la clase social subjetiva en el bienestar/afectividad general se daban de forma indirecta a través del riesgo percibido y la eficacia colectiva. Estos hallazgos confirman la existencia de diferencias en bienestar y afectividad general en función de la clase social durante la pandemia, al tiempo que permiten avanzar en la comprensión de los mecanismos psicosociales subyacentes.

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Publicado
2021-12-03
Cómo citar
Navarro-Carrillo, G., Méndez, L., Cakal, H., Páez, D., Pizarro, J. J., Zumeta, L., Gracia-Leiva, M., da Costa, S., Basabe, N., Telletxea, S., Delfino, G., Techio, E., Mathias, A., Alzugaray-Ponce, C., Villagrán, L., Martínez-Zelaya, G., Bilbao, M. Ángeles, Wlodarczyk, A., López-López, W., Alfaro-Beracoechea, L., Ibarra, M. L., Carvalho, C., Pinto, I. R., Moyano-Díaz, E., Espinosa, A., & Cueto, R. M. (2021). Clase social, bienestar y afectividad general durante la pandemia de la COVID-19 en Iberoamérica . Escritos De Psicología - Psychological Writings, 14(2), 84-95. https://doi.org/10.24310/espsiescpsi.v14i2.13608