Marco teórico del efecto de interferencia en contextos neutrales y emocionales

  • Eliana V. Zamora Instituto de Psicología Básica, Aplicada y Tecnología (IPSIBAT), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) y Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata (UNMDP), Argentina https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6278-6665
  • Isabel Introzzi Instituto de Psicología Básica, Aplicada y Tecnología (IPSIBAT), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) y Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata (UNMDP), Argentina
  • Macarena del Valle Instituto de Psicología Básica, Aplicada y Tecnología (IPSIBAT), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) y Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata (UNMDP), Argentina https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3549-7224
  • María Richard's Instituto de Psicología Básica, Aplicada y Tecnología (IPSIBAT), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) y Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata (UNMDP), Argentina https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7394-5967
Palabras clave: interferencia, inhibición, emoción, estímulos emocionales

Resumen

La interferencia es el efecto experimental causado por información distractora que se manifiesta en una disminución del desempeño respecto a condiciones que implican ausencia de información distractora. Si bien existe un notorio cuerpo de literatura respecto a este efecto, la gran mayoría de los trabajos existentes lo analizan en contextos neutrales, es decir, sin saliencia emocional. Por este motivo, en este trabajo se revisará el efecto de interferencia, sus dimensiones temporales y formales, como así también los contextos en los que interviene, es decir no sólo los neutrales sino también aquellos con saliencia emocional. Con respecto a estos últimos, se revisan los diferentes aspectos de los contextos emocionales que modulan el efecto de interferencia. Finalmente, se incorporan diferentes nociones que han inclinado la balanza a favor del efecto de interferencia como el principal mecanismo explicativo de los procesos de control inhibitorio.

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Publicado
2020-07-01
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Zamora, E. V., Introzzi, I., del Valle , M., & Richard’s, M. (2020). Marco teórico del efecto de interferencia en contextos neutrales y emocionales . Escritos De Psicología - Psychological Writings, 13(1), 23-33. https://doi.org/10.24310/espsiescpsi.v13i1.10079
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