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Cecilia Enith Romero-Barquero
Escuela de Educación Física y Deportes, Universidad de Costa Rica.
Costa Rica
Vol. 9 Núm. 1 (2020): ., Artículos, Páginas 1-22
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24310/riccafd.2020.v9i1.8296
Derechos de autor

Resumen

La presente revisión sistemática examina la incidencia de la actividad física realizada en el tiempo libre (AFTL), en la prevención del riesgo y mortalidad por enfermedades cardiacas y cardiovasculares. Las AFTL reportadas en cada uno de los 29 estudios observacionales seleccionados, se clasificaron de acuerdo con los tipos de actividades recreativas que señala la literatura. Por lo tanto, luego del análisis surgieron cuatro categorías: recreación física, recreación artística, recreación al aire libre y recreación de pasatiempos. Asimismo, se establece que las AFTL, y en especial las de alta intensidad como las de recreación física y al aire libre, contribuyen a prevenir los factores de riesgo y mortalidad por enfermedad cardiovascular y cardiaca. Para futuras investigaciones, es importante incorporar la clasificación de actividades recreativas y analizar la influencia que cada tipo de estas actividades puede tener en la prevención de enfermedades cardiovasculares o cardiacas coronarias.

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Referencias

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