Estrategias cognitivas para afrontar situaciones de acoso/ciberacoso: diferencias entre chicos y chicas

Palabras clave: Acoso, Ciberacoso, Estrategias de afrontamiento, Regulación cognitiva emocional, Diferencias de sexo, predictores psicológicos

Resumen

La violencia entre iguales provoca un impacto negativo sobre la salud de los adolescentes implicados. Entre los factores que han mostrado evidencias para predecir la realización y el sufrimiento de conductas agresivas, se encuentran las estrategias de afrontamiento cognitivo-emocional. Sin embargo, en contextos de acoso y ciberacoso pocos estudios han analizado el papel de estas estrategias y, aún menos, de manera separada para chicos y chicas. Por ello, este estudio planteó dos objetivos: analizar las diferencias por sexo en agresión y victimización en acoso y ciberacoso, así como en el uso de las estrategias de afrontamiento; y explorar cuáles son las estrategias que mejor predicen la victimización y agresión en ambas situaciones de manera separada para chicos y chicas. Una muestra de 1904 adolescentes completó tres cuestionarios que evaluaban el acoso, el ciberacoso y las estrategias de afrontamiento cognitivo. Los resultados mostraron diferencias significativas por sexo en agresión, victimización, ciberagresión y en cinco estrategias. Además, los resultados de las regresiones indicaron que, por ejemplo, la estrategia de culpar a otros fue una de las que mejor predijo la agresión y victimización en acoso y ciberacoso en chicos y chicas. Por último, se discuten las limitaciones e implicaciones derivadas de este estudio.

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Publicado
2022-06-01
Cómo citar
Chamizo-Nieto, M. T., & Rey, L. (2022). Estrategias cognitivas para afrontar situaciones de acoso/ciberacoso: diferencias entre chicos y chicas. Escritos De Psicología - Psychological Writings, 15(1), 29-39. https://doi.org/10.24310/espsiescpsi.v15i1.13673
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Informes de investigación