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Marta Recio Criado
Universidad de Málaga
España
Biografía
Patricia Silva Marín
Biografía
Vol. 43 (2018), General, Páginas 5-20
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24310/abm.v43i0.4070
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Resumen

Resumen

Se ha realizado un estudio sobre el comportamiento fenológico de las angiospermas leñosas mediterráneas presentes en el Jardín Botánico de   la Universidad de Málaga. Para cada especie se ha elaborado una tabla o calendario anual que incluye fenofases vegetativas y reproductivas. Se analiza y discute la distribución y duración de cada una de las fenofases estudiadas, así como su diversidad en el jardín. Se comparan todos los resultados, tanto de manera particular como general, con los publicados de áreas naturales. También se ha determinado el patrón de comportamiento fenofásico que presenta cada especie, habiendo resultado un total de siete patrones diferentes, la mayoría de tipo superpuesto (con crecimiento vegetativo y floración solapados en su ciclo anual) y minoritariamente de tipo secuencial. Se concluye que el crecimiento vegetativo ocurre fundamentalmente en dos periodos: primavera y otoño- invierno; mientras que la formación de yemas florales así como la floración tiene lugar fundamentalmente durante la primavera, siendo marzo el mes que mayor número de especies la inician. Un porcentaje importante de especies presentan periodos largos (3 ó 4 estaciones del año) de crecimiento vegetativo (30%), floración (22%), fructificación (45%) y dispersión (32%). Se ha comprobado que la mayoría de las especies leñosas mediterráneas cultivadas en el jardín presentan periodos de crecimiento vegetativo y reproducción sexual que coinciden en duración, inicio y final con los publicados en medios naturales de la provincia de Málaga, por lo que los resultados fenológicos que se obtengan de los ejemplares cultivados en el jardín se pueden extrapolar a los que habitan en medios naturales.

Palabras clave: Fenología, angiospermas, fanerófitos, caméfitos, Mediterráneo, jardín botánico.

 

Abstract

Phenological study of Mediterranean woody angiosperms in the Botanical Garden of the University of Malaga.

A study on the phenological behavior of Mediterranean woody angiosperms present in the Botanical Garden of the University of Malaga has been carried out. For each species an annual table or calendar that includes vegetative and reproductive phenophases has been prepared. The distribution and duration of each phenophases studied, as well as their diversity in the garden, are analyzed and discussed. All results are compared, both in a particular and general way, with those published from natural areas. The phenophasic behavior pattern of each species has also been determined, resulting in a total of seven different patterns, most of which are superimposed (with vegetative growth and flowering overlap in their annual cycle) and a minority of sequential type. It is concluded that the vegetative growth occurs mainly in two periods: spring and autumn- winter, while the formation of floral buds as well as flowering takes place mainly during the spring, with March being the month when the greatest number of species initiate it. A significant percentage of species have long periods (3 or 4 seasons) of vegetative growth (30%), flowering (22%), fruiting (45%) and dispersion (32%). It has been verified that the majority of Mediterranean woody species cultivated in the garden present periods of vegetative growth and sexual reproduction that coincide in duration, beginning and end with those published in natural environments of the province of Malaga. Therefore, the phenological results obtained from specimens grown in garden can be extrapolated to those of natural environments.

Key words: Phenology, angiosperm, woody species, Mediterranean, botanical garden

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